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France Facts and Figures

Government in France

The full country name of France is the French Republic.
The French Republic is a unitary semi-presidential republic with strong democratic traditions.
The executive branch itself has two leaders: the President of the Republic, elected directly for a 5-year term, and he is the Head of State, and the Government, led by the president-appointed Prime Minister.
The current President of France - Nicolas Sarkozy; the current Prime Minister - François Fillon.

Administrative Divisions in France

France is divided into 26 administrative regions. 21regions are on the continental part of metropolitan France and one is the territorial collectivity of Corsica. Four regions are overseas regions.
The regions are further subdivided into 100 departments.
The 100 departments are subdivided into 341 arrondissements which are, in turn, subdivided into 4,032 cantons.
These cantons are then divided into 36,680 communes, which are municipalities with an elected municipal council.


Paris is the capital and the largest city of France.

France Geography

Metropolitan France is the part of France located in Western Europe, including Corsica.
France also has a number of overseas territories in North America, the Caribbean, South America, the southern Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, and Antarctica.
France covers 551,695 km² making it the largest country in area in the European Union
France is just slightly smaller then the Colorado doubled with a total land boundary of 2,889 km.
The countries that border France are Germany, Belgium, Andorra, Italy, Monaco, Spain and Luxembourg.

Climate of France

The north and northwest of France have a temperate climate.
In the south-east France there is a Mediterranean climate.
The climate of the west part of France is mainly oceanic with a lot of rains, mild winters and cool summers.
Inland of France the climate becomes more continental with hot summers, colder winters and less rain.
The climate of the French Alps and other mountainous regions of France are mainly alpine in nature with more than 150 days per year when temperature is below freezing and snow cover is lasting about half a year.

France Population

A population of France in 2007 was estimated of more than 64 million people. It makes France the 23rd most populous country in the world.
The population density in France is 113/km² and the most populated cities are Paris, Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice, and Nantes.

Languages in France

French is the only official language in France according to the Constitution of France and France is the only country in Western Europe with only one officially recognized language.
However, 77 regional languages are also spoken, in metropolitan France as well as in the overseas departments and territories.

Religion in France

France has a variety of religions such as: Roman Catholic, Jewish, Protestant, Muslim and a small percent that are unaffiliated.
According to a January 2007 poll by the Catholic World News 51% of a population in France identified as being Catholics, 31% identified as being agnostics or atheists, 10% identified as being from other religions, 4% identified as Muslim, 3% identified as Protestant, 1% identified as Jewish.

France Time zone

France is on the Central European Time zone.
Local time is GMT +1; GMT +2 between last Sunday in March and last Sunday in October.

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